How to counter Violent Extremism is one of the most pressing questions of our time. Yet, little is known about the potential role of the private sector vis-à-vis violent extremism. Concord Consulting has been contracted by the Oslo Governance Centre (OGC) and the Istanbul International Center for Private Sector in Development (IICPSD) to undertake research and develop an analytical framework for identifying the role of the private sector in Preventing Violent Extremism, conceptualizing these links and to provide recommendations for future initiatives. Through extensive reviews of literature and interviewing, Concord Consulting have advanced the understanding of both the positive and negative roles that the private sector can play in areas affected by violent extremism.